...insidious disease-communicator at person and animal
Lyme - Borreliose
FSME - meningitis
Unquestionable are ticks and here the two large groups of these arachnids, those
called Schildzecken and Lederzecken, the outstanding disease-communicators
at person and animal. They transfer beside the FSME also other diseases, first the "Lyme-Borreliose".
Just our dogs will be attacked over and by ticks and be infected with diseases much more often than human beings.
The bloodsucking ticks, in Germany also known
as "Holzböcke", develop - after having slipped from
the eggs - over larvae and nymphs to mature ticks. Each stage requires
to further development a "Bloodmeal" of mammals, which
they get preferently as larvae and nymphs from little rodents (mice)
and hedgehogs as well as birds.
Just the mice, whether pointed -, field - and vole-mice, are the
intermediate - carrier of the Borrelia - bacteria and Tick-encephaliitis-viruses
(FSME). Out of this it is to be derived, that the ticks take in
the germs already in a very early developmental stage and communicate
the"Lyme-Borreliosis" and essentially more rarely the
virus of the Tick-encephaliitis (FSME) onto person and animal.
After the last "Bloodmeal" of the adults
the female tick puts out mostly thousands of eggs. The male already
dies after the copulation.
Ticks live (up to approx. 1,00 meter) at the floor (litter of leaves)
and in near the floor on ferns, grasses as well as on bushes and
brushwood at margins of forests, trails and fields and on parks,
meadows and gardens and lurk there partially several weeks long
on their victims. The ticks become active in the spring on continuous
day-temperatur of approx. 8°C .
victims person, dog, game etc. slip the ticks off from their lurking-position.
The ticks, approximately 1mm large, then look at the body of their
host for a suitable warm and soft place and sting with their proboscis
(Hypostom) - attached with barbs - and begin sucking blood. Before
reall stinging they anesthetize with a bite the puncture mark. This
is also the explanation , that the victim does not or not hardly
perceive the puncture. The act of sucking blood can last several
days, if not violently interrupted. The longer the tick sucks, the
greater is the danger of transfer.
If the tick has bitten a person or an animal,
it must be removed as quickly as possible. Herewith one shouldconsider
the following procedure:
For removing the ticks so-called household remedies like, oils, adhesives, washing-gasoline, alcoholare to be avoided !
The tick is to be removed at the head, as closely at the
skin as possible, with a tweezers or even better with a special
tick-removing-instrument! Compressing the tick must be avoided,
because the virus-infected spittle can reach the bite-wound.
The tick is now pulled-out slowly - under a proportionate
pulling - from the skin with an easy rotation. It is essential that
all parts of the tick, also their mouth, Gnathosoma, is removed.
Please do not throw the tick away; it can analized on the presence
Now, after the removal of the tick, the biting-area and the
surroundings may be desinfected with e.g. with alcohol.